SAMHSA
SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

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Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH): Mental Health Findings find this report under Topics -- Alcohol, Tobacco, and other Drugs

"Fathers' alcohol and substance use among adolescents", The NSDUH Report, June 18, 2009, 8p. Findings: Almost one in twelve (7.9 percent) fathers living with adolescents aged 12 to 17 had an alcohol use disorder, while 68.1 percent used alcohol in the past year but did not have and alcohol use disorder; 24.1 percent did not use alcohol int eh past year. The rate of past year alcohol use among adolescents was lower for those who lived with a father who did not use alcohol int he past year than for those who lived with a father who used alcohol but did not have an alcohol use disorder and for those who lived with a father with an alcohol use disorder (21.1 vs. 33.2 and 38.8 percent, respectively). The percentage of adolescents using illicit drugs in the past year increased with the level of parental alcohol use. with illicit drugs in the past year increased with the level of paternal alcohol use, with illicit drug use reported by 14.0 percent of adolescents who lived with a father who did not use alcohol in the past year, 18.4 percent of those who lived with a father who used alcohol but did not have an alcohol use disorder, and 24.2 percent of those who lived with a father with an alcohol use disorder.

Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility (2004)
http://www.samhsa.gov/oas/drugs.htm

"Underage alcohol use: findings from the 2002-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health", June 2008. More than 40% of underage drinkers in the United States get their alcohol free from adults age 21 and a significant percentage of them get it from their own parents or guardians. According to a nationwide survey the the Substance Abuse and mental Health Services Administration(SAMHSA), more than 40% of the estimated 10.8 million underage drinkers in the past month got their alcohol free from adults. The study revealed that 6.4% of those drinkers, ages 12 to 20, were provided free alcohol by their own parents or guardians.

"In far too many instances, parents directly enable their children's underage drinking -- in essence, encouraging them to risk their health and well-being." said Acting Surgeon General Steve K. Galson, MD, MPH, in a new release' "Proper parental guidance alone may not be the complete solution to this devastating public health problem, but it is a critical part."

The SAMHSA survey asked young people, ages 12 to 20, about the nature and scope of their drinking behavior, and for the first time, asked about the social conditions under which they drink. The survey confirms an earlier study, which found that more than 1/3 of middle school students got their alcohol from their own parents or from a friend's parents or guardians.

According to the SAMHSA report these are some of the survey's significant findings: 
- More than half (53.9%) of all people ages 12 to 2o engaged in underage drinking in their lifetime, ranging from 11% of 12-year-olds to 85.5% of 20 year-olds.
- An average of 3.5 million people (9.4%), ages 12 to 20, meet the diagnostic criteria for having an alcohol-use disorder each year.
- About one in five people in this age group (7.2 million people) have engaged in binge drinking: consuming five or more drinks on at least one occasion in the past month.
- The vast majority of current underage drinkers (80%) reported being with two or more people the last time they drank. Those who were with two or more people consumed an average of 4.9 drinks on that occasion, compared with 3.1 drinks for those who were with another person and 2.9 drinks for those who were alone. _ Among youths, ages 12 to 14, the rate of current drinking was higher for females (7.7%) than males (6.3%) -- about equal for females and males among those ages 15 to 17 (27.3%, respectively) and lower for females than males among those ages 18 to 20 (47.9%) vs. 54.4 %).
- More than half (53.4%) of underage current alcohol users were at someone else's home when they had their last drink, and 30.3% were in their own home; 9.4% were at a restaurant, bar or club.
- Rate of binge drinking are significantly higher among young people living with a parent who engaged in binge drinking within the past year.

More than 5,000 death a year are attributed to underage drinking in the United States. Parents and guardians of children ages 12 to 20 can have a great influence on their attitudes about drinking and substance abuse in general. As this study shows, that influence can be negative or positive.

updated 01/17/17