NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON ALCOHOL ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM
Alcohol Research and Health
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) supports and conducts biomedical and behavioral research on the causes, consequences, treatment, and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems. NIAAA also provides leadership in the national effort to reduce the severe and often fatal consequences of these problems by: conducting and supporting research directed at determining the causes of alcoholism, discovering how alcohol damages the organs of the body, and developing prevention and treatment strategies for application in the Nation's health care system supporting and conducting research across a wide range of scientific areas including genetics, neuroscience, medical consequences, medication development, prevention, and treatment through the award of grants and with the NIAAA's research program; conducting policy studies that have broad implications for alcohol problem prevention, treatment and rehabilitation activities; conducting epidemiological studies such as national and community surveys to assess risks for and magnitude of alcohol-related problems among various population groups; collaborating with other research institutes and Federal programs relevant to alcohol abuse and alcoholism, and providing coordination for Federal alcohol abuse and alcoholism research activities; maintaining continuing relationships with institutions and professional associations; with international, national, state and local officials; and voluntary agencies and organizations engaged in alcohol-related work; and disseminating research findings to health care providers, researchers, policy makers, and the public. NIAAA is one of 18 institutes that comprise the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the principal biomedical research agency of the Federal Government. NIH is a component of the Public Health Service within the Department of Health and Human Services. Address: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/
New - NIAA Spectrum: webzine for alcohol
research news: http://www.spectrum.niaaa.nih.gov/
Study Defines Brain And Behavioral Effects of Teen Drinking in Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2015 http://www.spectrum.niaaa.nih.gov/news-from-the-field/news-from-the-field-default.html
Descriptions and some full text versions of NIAAA publications such as Alcohol Alert Bulletin, The Tenth Special Report to Congress on Alcohol and Health, National Plan for Alcohol Health Services Research, Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse in the U.S., the quarterly scientific journal
Alcohol Research and Health formerly Alcohol Health & Research World, Surveillance Reports, Research Monographs, Alcohol Treatment Assessment Instruments, Project MATCH manuals, Pamphlets/Brochures, and many Other Publications.Alcohol Alert address: Alcohol Health and Research World.
PubMed (online) or MEDLINE (database) (MEDlars onLINE) is the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) bibliographic database covering the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, the health care system, and the preclinical sciences.
"Harassing under the influence; male drinking norms and behaviors
and the gender harassment of female coworkers". This study was funded
by NIAAA and conducted by the R. Brinkley Smithers Institute for
Alcohol-Related Workplace Studies at Cornell University. A coauthor
was Samuel Bacharach. The survey found a more than twofold increase
in the incidence of gender harassment experienced by women for every
additional alcoholic drink consumed by the men in their work units
during or around working hours. Women are at greater risk of gender
harassment when they worked in places where heavy drinking,
particularly on the part of their male colleagues, was tolerated.
Breslow, Rosalind A.; Guenther, Patricia M.; Smothers, Barbara A.; "Alcohol drinking patterns an diet quality: the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey", AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY (2006), 163 (4): 359-366. The authors examined associations between alcohol and diet quality (Healthy Eating Index --HEI scores) using cross-sectional, nationally representative data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. 3,729 participants aged 20 or older were studied. In the author's stratified analyses, the lowest HEI score, 58.5% (95%CI: 55.6, 61.5) occurred among drinkers who consumed the highest quantity at the lowest frequency. Average volume of alcohol consumed is driven by and masks the contributions of its components. These results suggest the importance of measuring drinking patterns (quantity, frequency, and stratified combinations) in epidemiologic alcohol-diet studies. Healthier diets were characterized by healthier drinking patterns. Breslow stated she believes it is important that women have not more than 1 drink per day and that men have not more than 2 drinks per day--the alcohol consumption recommendations set forth in the sixth edition of DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS, the federal government's science-based advice to promote health and reduce risk of chronic diseases though nutrition and physical activity.
Initiative on Underage Drinking
College Drinking--Changing the Culture
The Cool Spot (for Middle Schoolers)
Moss, Howard B.; "Chenb, Chiung M.; Yi, Hsiao-ye; "Subtypes of
alcohol dependence in a nationally representative sample", DRUG AND
ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE (2007). The NIAAA researchers have identified five
subtypes of alcoholics by the following specific characteristics:
--Young Adult Alcoholics--31.5 percent. young adult drinkers, with relatively low rates of co-occurring substance abuse and mental disorders; low rates of family alcoholism; rarely seek any kind of help for their drinking.
--Young Antisocial Alcoholic--21 percent; most are in their mid-20's and have early onset of regular drinking and early onset alcohol problems; more than half come from families with alcoholism, and about half have a psychiatric diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder; many have major depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety problems; more than 75 percent smoke cigarettes and marijuana and many also have cocaine and opiate addictions; more than one-third seek help for their drinking.
--Functional Alcoholics--19.5 percent; typically middle-age, well-educated, with stable jobs and families; about one-third have a multigenerational family history of alcoholism; one-quarter had major depressive illness at some time in their lives; nearly 50 percent are smokers.
--Intermediate Familial Alcoholics--19 percent; middle-aged individuals who had early onset of drinking and alcohol problems; high rates of antisocial personality disorder and criminality; almost 80 percent come from familles with multigenerational alcoholism; they have the highest rates of other psychiatric disorders including depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders; this group has high rates of smoking, and marijuana, cocaine, and opiate dependence; two-thirds seek help for their drinking problems, making them the most prevalent type of alcoholic in treatment.