See also: Martha Lamb Emergency Room Report

(Pages 789-802)





2 called as a witness on behalf of the defendant, being


3 first duly sworn by the court, was examined and testified


4 as follows:


5 COURT: Mr. Correll.


6 MR. CORRELL: Thank you, Your Honor.






9 Q. Will you state your name, please.


10 A. Martha Lamb.


11 Q. And where do you reside?


12 A. In LaPorte City.


13 COURT: Excuse me. How do you spell your


14 last name?




16 COURT: Thank you.


17 Mr. Correll. I'm sorry.


18 Q. Thank you. Are you employed?


19 A. Yes, I am.


20 Q. And where are you employed?


21 A. At Sartori Hospital.


22 Q. How long have you been employed at Sartori


23 Hospital?


24 A. Approximately one year.


25 Q. And in what capacity are you employed at





1 Sartori Hospital?


2 A. I work as a registered nurse.


3 Q. And how long have you been a registered


4 nurse?


5 A. For 11 years.


6 Q. And what has been your education and training


7 to become a licensed -- or, excuse me, a registered


8 nurse?


9 A. I'm a three-year diploma prepared.


10 Q. Were you working as a registered nurse at


11 Sartori Hospital on the evening of October 4, 1996?


12 A. Yes, I was.


13 Q. And in what -- what place or what capacity


14 within the hospital were you working at that time?


15 A. In the intensive care unit.


16 Q. And is -- did you ever have any occasion on


17 October 4 some time after 11 o'clock p.m. to be called to


18 the emergency room area of Sartori Hospital?


19 A. Yes. I was called to the E.R.


20 Q. Okay. And while you were at the emergency


21 room, did you have any occasion to meet or see the


22 individual to my immediate left, Mr. Tracy Rokes?


23 A. Yes. I was his primary nurse.


24 Q. Okay. And did you ever know him prior to


25 that?






1 A. No.


2 Q. And have you ever met with him since that


3 time?


4 A. No, I have not.


5 Q. With regard to the Sartori records, do they


6 maintain emergency department records regarding the care


7 of people who come into their hospital to the emergency


8 room?


9 A. Yes, we do.


10 Q. And were those records prepared and


11 maintained for Mr. Rokes?


12 A. Yes, they were.


13 Q. And were the -- was the emergency department


14 record for Mr. Rokes filled out in your own hand?


15 A. Yes, it was.


16 Q. And have you a copy of your own hand -- in


17 your own hand the emergency department record for Tracy


18 Rokes on October 4, 1996?


19 A. Yes, I do.


20 MR. CORRELL: Ask our reporter to mark that,


21 please.


22 (At which time Defendant's Exhibit "3" was


23 marked for identification.)


24 Q. I'm going to hand to you what has been marked


25 by our reporter as Defendant's Exhibit "3". And I'd ask




1 you if you -- first of all, can identify that? Is that


2 the emergency room report from Sartori Hospital relative


3 to Tracy Rokes?


4 A. Yes, it is.


5 Q. And is that dated October 4, 1996?


6 A. Yes, it is.


7 Q. And is that document virtually all hand-


8 written?


9 A. Yes, it is.


10 Q. And in whose hand is that written?


11 A. It's in my handwriting.


12 Q. And is that handwriting, is that an effort by


13 you at that time to document your -- what various pieces


14 of information including time of arrival and condition?


15 A. Yes, it is.


16 Q. Did you fill that out at that time accurately


17 to the best of your ability to do so?


18 A. Yes, I did.


19 MR. CORRELL: Your Honor, at this time we


20 would offer what has been marked and received as


21 Defendant's Exhibit "3".


22 COURT: Any objection, Mr. Wadding?


23 MR. WADDING: Well, yes, Your Honor. I


24 believe that the document itself is hearsay, and she's


25 here to testify. She is the best evidence with reference





1 to what happened in that emergency room.


2 COURT: Is there an exception, Mr. Correll?


3 MR. CORRELL: It is not hearsay because the


4 author of the document is here.


5 MR. WADDING: Well, it's still a statement


6 outside the courtroom, Your Honor. It's offered for the


7 truth of the matter, and I -- it's still outside the --


8 still statements made outside the courtroom. The fact


9 that she's here doesn't mitigate the character -- its


10 character as hearsay.


11 COURT: For what purpose is it being offered?


12 MR. CORRELL: It is being -- it is being


13 offered to document the hospital record that this


14 particular witness made contemporaneous with the


15 admission relative to the condition of Mr. Rokes.


16 COURT: Exhibit "3" is admitted.






19 Q. By making reference to Exhibit "3", Ms. Lamb,


20 does that document indicate the time that Mr. Rokes would


21 have been received at the emergency room on October 4?


22 A. Yes, it does.


23 Q. And is that in your hand again?


24 A. Yes, it is.


25 Q. And what time does it indicate that Mr. Rokes





1 was received into the emergency room?


2 A. 23:30.


3 Q. And would that be 11:30 in civilian time?


4 A. 11:30 p.m.


5 Q. With regard to the place for the nurses'


6 assessment, there is some writing that you wrote in your


7 own hand. Would that have been done shortly after the


8 time of his arrival?


9 A. Yes.


10 Q. And does that document contain abbreviations


11 that are used primarily by people in the medical


12 profession?


13 A. Yes, it does.


14 Q. Can you -- by making reference to that


15 portion where it says, nurses' assessments, would you


16 read into the record, and I may interrupt you for the


17 abbreviations so you can explain to us what that record


18 is. Will you do that, please.


19 A. "Enters with history of motor vehicle


20 accident; struck to front of car at approximately


21 50 miles-per-hour; has poor recollection of injuries;


22 abrasion to right forehead; left eyebrow with approximate


23 one-inch deep laceration; 1.5 to two centimeter


24 laceration to bridge of nose; denies loss of


25 consciousness at scene; denies headache; pupils equal,





1 round, react to light."


2 Q. Excuse me. That is an abbreviation, that


3 P-E -- or, excuse me, P-E-R-R-L means pupils equal, round


4 and reactive to light; is that correct?


5 A. Yes.


6 Q. And does that have some significance?


7 A. The fact that both pupils were equal and


8 would indicate head injury or no head injury.


9 Q. And in this case did it indicate absence of a


10 head injury?


11 A. Indicated normal.


12 Q. Okay. Go ahead, please. I'm sorry to


13 interrupt you.


14 A. "Grips strong and equal; gait even when


15 walked in from ambulance; lacerations cleansed; skin warm


16 and dry; was not wearing a seat belt; heart sounds


17 regular; lungs clear; skin warm and dry; face ruddy;


18 patient resistance to any exam, brushes attempts to


19 examine away."


20 Q. With regard to your -- the record that you


21 made at that point in time, is it correct that at no


22 place in the record did you make any indication that you


23 believed Mr. Rokes to be under the influence of alcohol?


24 A. I did not indicate it.


25 Q. And is it not a fact that had that been your





1 opinion you would have typically noted that in that


2 record?


3 A. If there was a smell of alcohol or if he were


4 indicating something other than what's here, yes.


5 Q. Okay. And when you made the observation,


6 "gait even when walked in from ambulance," does that


7 signify that you actually observed him walk into the


8 building and walk to the emergency room?


9 A. Yes.


10 MR. CORRELL: That's all the questions I


11 have, Your Honor.


12 COURT: Mr. Wadding?






15 Q. Does your report indicate that your first


16 contact with the defendant is at 11:30 --


17 A. Yes.


18 Q. -- p.m.; is that correct? And what were your


19 responsibilities prior to coming in contact with the


20 defendant?


21 A. I was working in the intensive care unit.


22 Q. And had you had any -- is it unusual for you


23 to be called down to the emergency room?


24 A. No. I work there part-time also.


25 Q. Okay. And so you didn't consider it to be





1 unusual to be called down this evening?


2 A. No. They needed extra help.


3 Q. And why was that?


4 A. For a motor vehicle accident.


5 Q. Okay. And why was -- why did they need the


6 extra help?


7 A. Because of the number of people coming in.


8 Q. And do you know how many people came in?


9 A. I believe four.


10 Q. Okay. And was -- you were assigned to Mr.


11 Rokes?


12 A. Yes.


13 Q. And were you assigned to anyone else?


14 A. His wife, Mrs. Rokes.


15 Q. And did you see Mrs. Rokes walk in?


16 A. Yes, I did.


17 Q. And did you notice anything uneven about her


18 gait?


19 A. I can't recall. I don't have the record.


20 Q. Did you make any indication as to whether or


21 not she was intoxicated?


22 A. I don't recall it.


23 Q. You don't know?


24 A. I don't recall.


25 Q. Do you have any independent recollection of





1 this incident?


2 A. I remember taking care of them.


3 Q. Do you remember -- you remember what?


4 A. I remember the night taking care of them.


5 Q. You remember the night of taking care of


6 them?


7 A. With the -- with this record, I remember


8 going to the emergency room and taking care of Mr. and


9 Mrs. Rokes.


10 Q. Okay. And you remember -- and you remember


11 actually treating Mrs. Rokes, right?


12 A. Yes.


13 Q. But you don't remember if you made any


14 observations of intoxication on her?


15 A. I don't remember.


16 Q. And do you remember whether the defendant


17 received sutures?


18 A. I remember him receiving sutures.


19 Q. Okay. Do you remember who did that?


20 A. Dr. Robitaille.


21 Q. And do you remember what time that was?


22 A. No, I don't.


23 Q. Okay.


24 MR. WADDING: May I approach?


25 COURT: You may.





1 Q. I'm going to show you what I've marked as


2 State's Exhibit "Q", marked for identification, and ask


3 if you recognize that?


4 A. Yes, I do.


5 Q. What do you recognize that as?


6 A. The second page of my nurse's notes.


7 Q. Okay. Does that -- is that a recorded


8 recollection of the treatment of the defendant?


9 A. Yes, it is.


10 Q. Okay. And do you have on State's Exhibit


11 "Q", marked for identification, do you have on there when


12 the defendant received his sutures?


13 A. At 00:30, 12:30 a.m.


14 Q. And what is occurring at 1 o'clock?


15 A. He was given a tetanus shot and was receiving


16 sutures.


17 Q. And is Dr. Robitaille still with him at


18 1 o'clock in the morning?


19 A. Yes, he was.


20 Q. Still finishing up on the suturing?


21 A. Yes.


22 MR. WADDING: I'm sorry, may I approach, Your


23 Honor?


24 COURT: You may.


25 Q. When you talk about the 12:30 a.m. time or





1 00:30 time, you're indicating that the defendant was


2 actually moved to trauma or moved to trauma one for


3 sutures?


4 A. Yes.


5 Q. And at 1 o'clock is when Dr. Robitaille was


6 actually suturing him; is that correct?


7 A. Yes.


8 Q. And were you aware that there was a -- that


9 blood was drawn from the defendant for alcohol tests?


10 A. For -- for a medical there was none.


11 Q. Were you aware that there was a blood drawn


12 from the defendant?


13 A. Yes.


14 Q. For an alcohol test?


15 A. It was a legal test.


16 Q. Okay. Were you aware of that?


17 A. I was aware the police officer that -- police


18 were in drawing, yes.


19 Q. Well, the police didn't draw it, Renee


20 Whitlatch drew it, didn't she --


21 A. For the police.


22 Q. -- is that correct?


23 A. Yes.


24 Q. All right. And were you aware that there was


25 a result that the defendant did have a blood-alcohol





1 content?


2 A. I was not made aware of what the result was.


3 Q. Okay. Were you aware that there was a result


4 indicating positive for an alcohol content?


5 MR. CORRELL: Excuse me. I'm going to object


6 to that. That incorporates hearsay.


7 COURT: Overruled. Were you later made aware


8 of that?


9 A. Not until this came out in the paper. During


10 the night in question I was not made aware of an alcohol


11 result.


12 Q. Okay. And were you aware that other police


13 officers had observed an odor of an alcoholic beverage on


14 the defendant?


15 A. No, I was not aware of that.


16 MR. WADDING: That's all the questions I


17 have. Thanks.


18 COURT: Mr. Correll?


19 MR. CORRELL: I have nothing further, Your


20 Honor.


21 COURT: Thank you.


22 MR. CORRELL: You're excused.


23 COURT: Do you have any other witness ready,


24 Mr. Correll?


25 MR. CORRELL: Yes, I do.




1 MR. WADDING: Your Honor, Mr. Correll, I'd


2 like to approach just for a moment.


3 (At which time a discussion was held off the


4 record between the court and counsel.)


5 COURT: We'll stand in recess until 9:55.


6 Thank you.

update 12/20/16