FARS--FATALITY ANALYSIS REPORTING SYSTEM
The Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) contains data on all
crashes in the United States that occur on a public roadway and
wherein a fatality is involved in the crash
(FARS data is based on fatal vehicle collisions when the
victim had died within 30 days of the
crash). In addition, there are FARS Alcohol
files which contain driver and non occupant BAC estimates, as well as
overall crash alcohol estimates, which are used to supplement the
data files when no alcohol information would otherwise be available.
Information on these files are available in two reports, A Method for
Estimating Posterior BAC Distributions for Persons Involved in Fatal
Traffic Accidents (DOT HS 807 094) and A Guide to Using the Fatal
Accident Reporting System BAC Distribution Files (DOT HS 807 095)
available from NTIS. This Web site makes FARS data readily
accessible to the public. Through this web interface all of the 1994
FARS data is searchable and downloadable. This site also provides
links to frequent user-specified queries, FARS documentation, the
1995 Traffic Safety Factbook, and an On-Line Forum. These files are
PDF Adobe Acrobat Reader files. If you don not have this program, you
may obtain it free of charge from Adobe.
FARS query system: Crash Type, and Crash Severity, and Blood
Alcohol Content (if known).
The percent of alcohol-related fatalities has declined from 60 percent in 1982 to 40 percent in 2003. (Reference: 2003 Annual Report)
Traffic Safety Fact Sheet on: Traffic Safety Facts Overview 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000 to 2011, 2012, 2013
The FARS Query System enables users to perform their own custom queries, such as case listings, univariate and cross tabulations, as well as the ability to download subsets of data based on selected fields of interest, and a library of frequently requested tables. FARS documentation is also available via ftp.
Fact sheets utilizing FARS data can be viewed at this site as well as downloaded in PDF format, and are also available from NCSA. Telephone inquiries 1-800-934-8517, or (202) 366-4198 locally in the Washington, DC area. FAX messages should be sent to (202) 366-7078.
Traffic Safety Facts utilizes both FARS and NASS GES data, and is available by contacting NCSA at the above phone numbers. This annual report is a comprehensive overview of the year's data, and includes some past years' data with comparative analyses.
FARS data, reports, and documentation are also available for download via ftp. FARS and NASS GES data are available together on a CD-ROM, and can be ordered by contacting the Bureau of Transportation Statistics.
A Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of Lowering the Illegal
BAC Per Se Limit to 0.08 in Five States (2000) 4 - Arguments In
Favor and Against .08 per se
"Statistical watch: change in drunk
driving terminology questioned", IMPAIRED DRIVING UPDATE
(Summer, 2010), page 68. "NHTSA revised the deviations of an
alcohol-related fatal crash in 2007. While any involvement with
alcohol (i.e., alcohol impaired) used to qualify, NHTSA now maintains
that one of the drivers must be legally intoxicated with a BAC of
0.08% or above. So, instead of some 17,000 fatalities in 2007, as
there would have been under the old definition, NHTSA reported only
12,998. This is misleading because alcohol impairment can occur for
some individuals after just one drink, and for most, after two. The
actual death toll of alcohol-related fatalities was 15,438 in 2008;
NTHSA did not include the 3,665 innocent people who were killed by
alcohol involvement drivers with a BAC of under 0.08%.