ALCOHOL RESEARCH: CURRENT REVIEWS
"Alcohol Research: Current Reviews" is NIAAA's peer-reviewed scientific journal, published three times a year (formerly "Alcohol Research and Health". Address: http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/journals-and-reports. Some of the current reviews include: Stress and Alcohol, Update on the Genetics of Alcoholism, Preventing Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
Alcohol and the Immune System, Volume 37, Number 2, 2015
Alcohol Metabolism Part II: A Key to Unlocking Alcohol's Effects, Volume 30, Number 1, 2007
Dufour, Mary C.,"What is moderate drinking?: defining "drinks" and "drinking levels." ALCOHOL RESEARCH AND HEALTH (1999), 23 (1): 5-14. Definition of a standard drink--the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have developed a commonly used definition of a standard drink that has been published in NUTRITION AND YOUR HEALTH: DIETARY GUIDELINES FOR AMERICANS (DHHS and USDA 1995). According to that definition, a standard drink contains approximately 0.5 fl oz (or approximately 12 g) alcohol and corresponds to the following beverage amounts:12 fl oz regular beer; 5 fl oz wine; 1.5 fl oz 80-proof distilled spirits. Drinking definitions: Abstainer: drinks less than 0.01 fl oz alcohol per day (i.e., fewer than 12 drinks in the past year); Light drinker: drinks .0.001 to 0.21 fl oz alcohol per day (i. e., 1 to 13 drinks per month);Moderate drinker: drinks 0.01 drinks 0.22 to 1.00 fl oz alcohol per day (i.e., 4 to 14 drinks per week); Heavier drinker: drinks more than 1.00 fl oz alcohol per day (i. e., more than 2 drinks per day).
Epigenetics--New Frontier for Alcohol Research
Measuring the burden--Alcohol's evolving impact on individuals, families, and society, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2013 http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arcr352/toc35_2.htm
Sietz, Helmut; Becker, Peter; "Alcohol metabolism and cancer risk", ALCOHOL HEALTH AND RESEARCH WORLD (2007), 30 (1): 38-47.
Special issues focus on: Alcohol Metabolism Part: Mechanisms of
Action, Volume 29, Number 4, 2006
Stress and alcohol
Zakhari, Samir; "Overview: how is alcohol metabolized by the body?", ALCOHOL RESEARCH AND HEALTH (2006), 29 (4). "Alcohol is eliminated from the body by various metabolic mechanisms. The primary enzymes involved are aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALHD), alcohol dehydrogenase (AHD), cytochrome P450 (CYP2E1) and catalase. Variation in the genes for these enzymes have been found to influence alcohol consumption, alcohol-related tissue damage and alcohol dependence. The consequences of alcohol metabolism include oxygen deficits (i.e., hypoxia) in the live; interaction between alcohol metabolism byproducts and other cell components, resulting in the formation of harmful compounds (i.e., reactive oxygen species [ROS] that can damage other cell components; change in the ratio of NADH to NAD (i.e., the cell's redox state); tissue fetal damage, impairment of other metabolic processes; cancer, and medication interactions. Several related to alcohol metabolism require further research."